Geodaysit 2023

Alessandro Farbo

Dott. Alessandro Farbo

PhD Student - SUSTNET (Unito)

Department of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences - DISAFA - University of Torino (Italy)

GEO4Agri Lab - Laboratorio di Geomatica e Telerilevamento Agro-Forestale del DISAFA


Pixel Mixture Issue in Mapping Vineyard Phenology. A Possible Solution Based on Sentinel-2 Imagery and Local Least Squares
Enrico Borgogno-Mondino, Francesco Parizia, Federica Ghilardi, Alessandro Farbo, Filippo Sarvia, Samuele De Petris

Precision viticulture aims to enhance quality standards of wine production by improving vineyard management. In this framework, satellite optical remote sensing has already proved to be effective for mapping vegetation behavior in space and time. These maps, properly processed, are useful to optimize agronomic practices improving wine production/quality and mitigating environmental impacts. Nevertheless, vineyards represent a challenge in this context because grapevine canopies are discontinuous, and the observed reflectance signal is affected by background. In fact, satellite imagery ordinarily provides spectral measures with medium-low geometric resolution (≥ 100 m2). Therefore, spectral mixture between grapevine canopies, grass and soils is expected within a satellite-derived reflectance pixel and not considering this problem can deeply affect deductions based on this data. In this work, Sentinel-2 (S2) NDVI maps (10 m resolution) were computed and compared to the ones obtained from DJI P4 multispectral UAV over a vineyard sizing 1.5 ha and located in Piemonte region (NW Italy). The proportion of row and inter-row (α(x,y) and 1-α(x,y)) within S2 pixel was computed and mapped classifying DJI photogrammetry point cloud. Involving α(x,y) and S2 NDVI values, reversing spectral unmixing system was defined solving for two average endmembers NDVI values (row and inter-row) using a moving window (21x21 pixels) least squares approach. Results were compared at S2 pixel-level to the average ones computed from DJI, showing a MAE of 0.15 and 0.10 of row and inter-row NDVI respectively.

AIT Contribution
Sala Biblioteca @ PoliBa
Remote sensing and Sentinel-2 data role within the Common Agricultural Policy 2023-2027
Enrico Borgogno-Mondino, Alessandro Farbo, Filippo Sarvia, Samuele De Petris, Elena Xausa, Gianluca Cantamessa

Starting from 1962 the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) has supported through contributions the agricultural sector aiming at preserving the environment and improving crops production. The local Paying Agencies (PA) verify the correctness, completeness and compliance of farmers applications by administrative checks (ACs) and on-the-spot checks (OTSCs). ACs are performed on 100% of applications to automatically detect formal faults through informatics tools. OTSCs are performed on about the 5% of applications testing the compliance with envisaged commitments and obligations, verify eligibility criteria and checking the truthfulness of declared area size. Recently, the article 10 of the recent EU regulation (N. 1173/2022), defined new controls based on remote sensing, specifically by adopting Copernicus Sentinel-2 (S2) imagery, or “other data” at least equivalent value. The adoption of S2 imagery allows to monitor all areas declared by farmers’ applications longing for irregularities detection. Consequently, this type of control can be applied to all CAPs (no longer 5%) applications in each member state. In this framework, the new CAP 2023-2027, requires a gradual implementation of such remote-sensing based tools within member states control systems, becoming compulsory in 2024. Furthermore, the 2023-2027 CAP will introduce some new types of contributions called 'eco-schemes' related to the climate, environment and animal welfare. Nevertheless, a proper review of how remote sensing-based tools can be applied to these new contributions is missing. Therefore, in this work we preliminary explore which marker can be detected by Copernicus S2 data in terms of field surface, agronomic practices and monitor period, possibly related to a specific CAP contribution requirement. Focuses will concern: (a) basic payment; (b) eco-schemes; (c) enhanced conditionality.

AIT Contribution
Sala Biblioteca @ PoliBa